Recognizing and Addressing Touch Starvation in the Time of COVID-19

My first grandchild was born in early 2020, right as the COVID-19 pandemic was gaining momentum. I got a social-distancing, several-feet-away peek at him early on, but then we were kept apart for three long months out of an abundance of caution that his mom (my daughter), 60-something me, and the healthy-but-vulnerable newborn all stayed safe. As the shelter-in-place weeks slogged by, I found myself more and more impatient to hold the little guy. 

Like so many people the world over, I was becoming touch deprived. Even people who haven’t considered themselves huggy, touchy people in the past are now expressing awareness that they need the physical proximity and touch of other human beings to feel well, especially during times of uncertainty and anxiety. You may recognize this in yourself and your loved ones. 

My hope is that this article helps you understand the role of touch in helping yourself and your family feel supported during stressful times. I’ve also provided some tips for feeding touch starvation, which you can try yourself as well as suggest to friends and family, coworkers when appropriate. 

The Power of Touch

As a longtime grief counselor and educator, I know that touch helps us feel loved and empathized with. After a significant loss, grieving people who are hugged, touched, and visited often report feeling comforted and supported. They also experience that sense of connection that helps them continue to feel meaning and purpose in life. 

Since touch is physical, it has bodily effects. When we are touched in comforting ways, our brains are flooded with dopamine, serotonin, and oxytocin. These feel-good hormones help regulate our mood and make us feel calmer and happier. 

When we aren’t touched, on the other hand, our brains suffer from the lack of these chemicals. We may feel depressed, anxious, and stressed. We might also have more trouble sleeping. 

In addition, touch stimulates the vagus nerve, which branches out through our entire bodies. Its role is to calm the nervous system, which in turn touch helps boost our immune systems and can lower our blood pressure and heart rate. 

During the pandemic, if you or someone you know has been feeling depressed, anxious, or stressed; has been having sleep issues; or has felt unwell physically, lack of physical touch may be one of the main culprits. 

The Online Culture and Social Distancing

Of course, even before COVID, our culture was becoming more and more socially distanced. Instead of face-to-face contact, we have increasingly relied on technology as a main form of interface. Texting, emailing, and social media have become the primary ways of “keeping in touch”—even though, ironically, they involve no touching at all. 

The social distancing of the pandemic has only heightened our reliance on technology. We’re grateful, of course, for the electronic means of maintaining connection. Without them, we’d be truly disconnected and utterly separated. But at the same time, we’re realizing their limitations. 

Our high-tech, low-touch lifestyles aren’t enough. We need and crave physical human contact. We are skin hungry. We are eye-contact empty. We are touch starved. 

Tips for Feeding Touch Starvation

  • Tell your family and friends about your need for touch. If you’re sheltering in place with others, talk to them about touch starvation and how you’re feeling. Maybe your roommates are craving touch as well. Depending on your relationships, hugs, shoulder rubs, scalp massages, back scratches, foot rubs, and handholding are possible outlets. 
  • If you’ve been isolated and need a hug, meet up outdoors with loved ones and, masks on, share some safe embraces. A 20-second hug is the threshold for alleviating stress and helping you feel calm and safe. Even without hugs, simply gathering outdoors to chat and have distanced face-to-face eye contact for an hour or two can make a big difference. 
  • If you can’t be near your loved ones right now, use video calls as the next best thing. Faces and voices help us feel close and “read” one other. On the calls, tell people how much you care about and miss them. You’ll find that speaking your love out loud releases the same feel-good chemicals that touch does. 
  • Cuddle with your pets and touch them in the ways they like being touched. 
  • When it’s safe to do so again, consider making an appointment for a massage, manicure, haircut, or a healing touch or reiki session. 
  • Self-massage also releases feel-good chemicals. Giving yourself an arm rub by rolling a tennis ball up and down your arms a few times a day, or use a foam roller to give yourself a back rub. 
  • Use a weighted blanket when you watch TV or sleep. These 15- to 25-pound blankets press down on the skin, which triggers vagus nerve activity. Choose one that’s about ten percent of your body weight. 
  • Practice yoga. Yoga poses place pressure on lots of different parts of your body, essentially touching you all over. 

You’ll be glad to know that I finally got to hold my grandbaby recently. He’s already a grinning, wriggly three-month-old, and boy did it feel amazing to have in my arms. With my new appreciation for touch starvation, I’m planning on lots of hugs and kisses in the months and years to come.